Developed by the United States Department of Defense as part of an initiative to standardized eLearning across federal and private sectors, the Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) was the first system of its kind. Prior to its development, eLearning and blended learning courses often had issues with the consistent creation and reliable deployment of quality content. eLearning software was expensive and time-consuming to create, and it had to be custom programmed in each specific delivery environment in order to function properly, if at all.
The technical standards and specifications that SCORM implemented has allowed both academic institutions and corporations worldwide the ability to use web-based eLearning methods to increase educational success. The following four qualities are what make SCORM the type of innovation that enabled such widespread popularity for online learning:
1. It Uses Easily Obtainable Data
SCORM’s most characteristic trait is its ability to locate and access didactic modules from several locations at once, and deliver them to a new location. For example, all users can share and receive information if they are using any form of content that is compatible.
2. It Can Inter-operate Between Multiple Systems
SCORM-compliant instructional components can be developed all in one system, yet are still able to function and operate in other systems. For example, any author or user has the ability to transfer information to a different LMS compatible with SCORM.
3. It Won’t Require Costly Updates or Redesign
SCORM is very durable in that its original developers planned for the evolution of technology. For example, if you upgrade your computer operating system from Windows 7 to Windows 8, it should have zero impact on the delivery of content to other learners.
4. It Integrates Instructional Components into Varied Contexts
SCORM is commonly thought of in the eLearning industry as a flexible and reusable framework, which incorporates learning objects in multiple applications as well as diverse learning contexts. For example, using SCORM, companies are able to re-write older content from another organization to fit their the similar needs of their corporate training courses.
To learn more about how SCORM was developed, visit the official website for Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL).